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THE CRYSTALS OF LIFE
Salt Fairy

Salt Guide

Salt is a transparent and fragile mineral with the chemical composition NaCl, used for flavoring and preserve food, since ancient times. It is made up of transparent and cubic sodium chloride crystals. Table salt is composed of tiny cubes tied strongly with ionic bonds between sodium and chloride ions.

Salt is a transparent and fragile mineral with the chemical composition NaCl, used for flavoring and preserve food, since ancient times. It is made up of transparent and cubic sodium chloride crystals. Table salt is composed of tiny cubes tied strongly with ionic bonds between sodium and chloride ions.

The source of salt, including the salt produced in underground saltworks, is the salt waters of the seas and lakes. Evaporation of sea salt is the oldest method used for producing salt. Salt is produced through mining or evaporation. Then it is sorted with reference to quality. Then it is crushed and sifted. Fine high quality salt is used as table salt. According to Turkish Food Codex - Edible Salt Communiqué, edible salt should be produced out of raw salt with sodium chloride used as the primary ingredient (at least 98% of the dry matter should be sodium chloride), and should be suitable for human consumption.

Edible salts are categorized in two groups: table salts and salt used in food industry. Table salt refers to fine salt enriched with iodine, and can be either refined or not. Refining processes may be as simple as washing, or applied through large-scale mechanized vacuum evaporations.

Lack of iodine content in foodstuffs led to the practice of adding iodine in salts, in more than 100 countries all around the world. Potassium iodate or iodide is added into salt, either in dry solid form, or as a solution in water, during the production processes. Spraying is the preferred process for fine table and kitchen salts. Potassium iodate under a pressure of three atmospheres would be sprayed on the salt carried on a conveyor belt.

The purpose of the iodization programs is to provide the consumers with products enriched with adequate quantities of iodine. The benefit of iodine to reach consumers would depend on the amount of iodine added, the homogenous distribution in packages, and the losses to occur during transportation or storage. Loss of iodine may occur in case of storage in humid environments, and particularly when the packaging is not watertight. The amount of iodine in salt can be preserved by the use of airtight packaging, storage in a cool, dry and dark place.

Have a tasty life, rich in salt flavoring.